Helen’s Bibliography

 

Armstrong, R.

1955      The Igala.  In Ethnographic Survey of Africa. Western Africa, Part   X. Daryl Forde, ed.  London, International African Institute.

Awta Age Grade
1953      Meeting File No. 11.  Onitsha

Bascom, W.R.
1941    The Sanctions of Ifa Division, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 71:43-54

1942   “The principle of seniority in the social structure of the Yoruba”,  American Anthropologist 44:37-36.

1944    “The sociological role of the Yoruba cult group”, Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association 63.

1960    “Yoruba Concepts of the Soul”, Selected papers of the 5th International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Science (1956).

 

Basden, G.T.
1921     Among the Ibos of Nigeria.  London: Seeley, Service and Co., Ltd.

1966    Niger Ibos. London: Frank Cass and Co. (first published 1938).

Beier, Ulli
1955    “The Position of Yoruba Women”,  Presence Africaine 1:39-46.

Beattie, J.
1966    “Ritual and Social Change”,  Man, n.s. 1:60-74

Bellah, R.N.
1957    Tokugawa Religion. Glencoe, The Free Press.

1964      “Religious Evolution”,  American Sociological Review  29:358-374.

Bendix, R.
1960    Max Weber: An Intellectual Portrait.  New York: Doubleday and  Co., Inc.
Boston, J.S.
1960a     “Notes on Contact Between the Igala and the Ibo”, Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria 2:52-58

1960b     “Some Northern Ibo Masquerades”,  Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 90:54-65.

Bradbury, R.E.
1957    “The Benin Kingdom and the Edo-Speaking peoples of South-Western Nigeria”,. In Ethnographic Survey of Africa. Western Africa. Part XI,  Daryl Forde, ed.  London: International African Institute.

1961    “Ezomo’s Ikebogo and the Benin Cult of the Hand”,  Man  61:129-138.

1965    “Father and Senior Son in Edo Mortuary Ritual”, In African Systems of Thought, M. Fortes and G. Dieteren, eds.  New York: Oxford University Press.

1966    “Fathers, Elders, and Ghosts in Edo Religion”, In Anthropological  Approaches to the Study of Religion, Michael Banton, ed.  New York: Frederick A. Praeger.

Burdo, Adolphe
1961    The Niger and the Benueh. (Translated from the French by Mrs. George Sturge).  London: Richard Bentley and Son.

Cohen, R.
1961      “Marriage Instability among the Kanuri of Northern Nigeria”,  American Anthropologist 63:1231-1249.

Cole, William
1862    Life in the Niger, or the Journal of an African Trader.  London: Sanders, Otley and Co.

Crowther, D.C.
1907    The Establishment of the Niger River Delta Pastorate Church During the Episcopy of the Rt. Rev. Bishop S.A. Crowther, D.D., 1864-1892. Liverpool, J.A. Thompson and Co., Ltd.

Crowther, S.A.
1869     “Niger Mission Report”.  Church Missionary Record 14:84-86.

1871    “Report of a Visit to the Station on the Niger in the Year 1870”,  Church Missionary Intelligencer n.s. 7:125-128.

1873    “Niger Mission Report”. Church Missionary Record 44 (2nd n.s.) 217-218.

Church Mission 1874     “Report of Bishop Crowther’s Annual Visit to the Niger Mission Station in 1873”, Church Missionary Intelligencer n.s.10:153-160.

1875    “Bishop Crowther’s Charge”, Church Missionary Intelligencer n.s. 11:121-122.

Crowther, S.A. and Taylor, J.C.

1859    The Gospel on the Banks of the Niger.  London, Church Missionary House.

1863    The Gospel on the Banks of the Niger, No. III.  London, Church Missionary House.

d’Azevedo, W.L.
1962    “Common Principles of Variant Kinship Structure Among the Gola of Western Liberia”,  American Anthropologist 64:504-520.

Davenport, W.
1959    “Nonunilinear Descent and Descent Groups”,   American Anthropologist 64:504-520.

Dobinson, H.
n.d.   “Notes at Onitsha”, Nigerian National Archives CMS N/5 I:2:1890-1891.

Douglas, M.
1966     Purity and Danger.  London, Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Durkheim, E.
1915    The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life.  London: George  Allen and Unwin, Ltd.

Egharaevba, J.
1960    A Short History of Benin.  Ibadan: Ibadan Univerity Press.

Ekejiuba, Felicia
1966    “Omu Okwei”,  Nigeria Magazine 90:213-220.

Evans-Pritchard, E.E.
1937    Witchcraft, Oracles, and Magic among the Azande.  Oxford:         Clarendon Press.

Fadipe, N.A.
1940    The Sociology of the Yoruba. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, London University.

Fallers, L.A.
1957    “Some Determinants of Marriage Instability in Busoga: A  Reformation of Gluckman’s Thesis”, Africa 27:106-121.

Field, M.J.
1937    Religion and Medicine of the Ga People. London, Oxford University Press.

1960    A Search for Security. London, Faber and Faber, Ltd.

Firth, R.
1959    “Problem and Assumption in an Anthropological Study of   Religion”, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute  89:129-148.

Forde, D. and Jones, G.I.
1950     “The Ibo and Ibibio-Speaking Peoples of South-Eastern Nigeria”, In Ethnographic Survey of Africa. Western Africa. Part III. London: International African Institute.

Fortes, Meyer
1949    The Web of Kinship Among the Tallensi. London: Oxford University Press.

1959    Oedipus and Job in West African Religion. London: Cambridge University Press.

1961     “Pietas in Ancestor Worship”,  Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 91:166-91.

1965    “Some Reflections on Ancestor Worship in Africa”,  In African Systems of Thought. Preface by M. Fortes and G. Dieterien, eds. London: Oxford University Press.  Published for the International African Institute.

Geertz, Clifford
1966    “Religion as a Cultural System”, In Anthropological Approaches to the Study of Religion. Michael Banton, ed. New York: Frederick A. Praeger.

Gibbs, J.L.
1963    “Marital Instability Among the Kpelle: Towards a Theory of  Epaihogamy”,  American Anthropologist 65:552-573.

Gluckman, M.
1944    “The Logic of African Science and Witchcraft”,  Human Problems in British Central Africa 1:61-71.

1950     “Kinship and Marriage Among the Lozi of Northern Rhodesia and the Zulus of Natal”,  In African Systems of Kinship and Marriage.    A.R. Radcliffe-Brown and D. Forde, eds. London.

Goody, E.
1962    “Conjugal Separaion and Divorce Among the Gonja of Northern Ghana”, In Marriage in Tribal Societies. M. Fortes, ed. Cambridge University Press.

Goody, J.
1961    “Religion and Ritual, the Definitional Problem”,  British Journal of Sociology 12:142-164.

1962    Death, Property and the Ancestors. Stanford University Press.

Goody, J. and Goody, E.
1967    “The Circulation of Women and Children in Northern Ghana”, Man 2:226-248.

Gray, R.
1960    “Sonjo Bride-Price and the Question of African ‘Wife-Purchase”,  American Anthropologist 62: 34-57.

Green, M.
1964    Ibo Village Affairs.  New York: Praeger (first published 1947).

Grove, A.T.
1951    “Land Use and Soil Conservation in Parts of Onitsha and Owerri Provinces”,  Geological Survey Of Nigeria Bulletin no. 21 Zaria, Gaskiya Corp.

Harris, J.
1940    The Position of Women in a Nigerian Society.  New York Academy of Sciences, Series II: 2:141-148.

Herskovits, M.J.
1938    Dahomey. 2 vols. New York: Augustin.

Henderson, R.N.
1963    A Case Study in the Analysis of Kingship, Age-Grades and Segmentary Lineage Systems.  Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.

1967    “Onitsha Ibo Kinship Terminology: A Formal Analysis and its Functional Applications”,  Southwestern Journal of Anthropology  23:15-51.

1972     The King in Every Man.  Yale University Press.

Henderson, R.N. and Henderson, H.K.
1966     An Outline of Traditional Onitsha Ibo Socialization. Occasional  Publication no. 5. Institute of Education, University of Ibadan.

Horton, R.
1956    “God, Man and the Land in a Northern Ibo Village-Group”,  Africa 26:17-28.

1960    “A Definition of Religion and Its Uses”,  Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 90:201-226.

1961    “Destiny and the Unconscious in West Africa”, Africa 31:110-116.

1962a    “The Kalabari World-View: An Outline and Interpretation”,  Africa 32:110-116.

1962b    “The High God”, Man 62:137-140.

1963     “The Kalabari Ekine Society: A Borderland of Religion and Art”, Africa 33:94-114.

1964    “Ritual and Man in Africa”,  Africa 34:85-104

Ibeziako, M.O.
1938    Founder and Some Celebrities of Onitsha. Onitsha, Nigeria

Jeffreys, M.D.
1934    “The Divine Umundri King”,  Africa 8:346-354.

1954    “Ikenga, the Ibo Ram-Headed God”, African Studies 13:25-40.

Johnson, S.
1921    The History of the Yorubas.  London, Routledge

Jones, G.I.
1949    “Ibo Land Tenure”, Africa 19:309-323.

1961     “Ecology and Social Structure Among the North Eastern Ibo”, Africa 31:117-134.

1962    “Ibo Age Organization, With Special Reference to the Cross River and North-Eastern Ibo”, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 92:191-211.

Keay, R.W.J.
1949    An Outline of Nigerian Vegetation. Lagos, Government Primer.

Laird, M. and R.A.K. Oldfield
1837    Narrative of an Expedition into the Interir of Africa, by the River Niger, in the Steam-Vessels Quorra and Alburkah, in 1832, 1833, and 1834. Vol II. London, Richard Bentley.

Leach, E.R.
1951    “The Structural Implications of Matrilateral Cross-Cousin Marriage”,  Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute   81:23-53.

1957    “Apects of Bridewealth and Marriage Stabilituy among the Kachin and Lakher”, Man 57:50-55

1961    Rethinking Anthropology. University of London, Athlone Press.

Leith-Ross, S.
1939     African Women. London, Faber.

Leonard, A.G.
1906    The Lower Niger and its Tribes. London, Macmilan and Co., Ltd.

1907    “Southern Nigeria: Religion and Witchcraft”,  Imperial and Asiatic Review Series 3, 24:279-311.

Levine, R.A.
1962    “Witchcraft and co-wife proximity in Southwestern Kenya”,  Ethnology 1:39-45.

1966    “Sex Roles and Economic Change in Africa”,  Ethnology 5:186-193.

Lewis, I. M.
1962    “Marriage and the Family in Northern Somaliland”, East African Studies No. 15. Kampala, Uganda. East African Institute of Social Research.

1965    “Problems in the Comparative Study of Unilineal Descent”. In The Relevance of Models for Social Anthropology, M. Banton, ed.  London, Tavistock Publications.

Little, K.
1951     The Mande of Sierra Leone. London, Routledge.

Lloyd, P.
1959    “Some Notes on the Yoruba Rules of Succession and on “Family Property”, Journal of African Law 3:7-32.

Lounsbury, F.G
1964    “A Formal Account of the Crow- and Omaha-type Kinship Terminologies”, In Explorations in Cultural Anthropology: Essays in Honor of George Peter Murdock, W.H. Goodenough, ed.  New York: McGraw Hill.

Lucas, F. G.
1948    The Religion of the Yorubas. Lagos, C.M.S. Bookshop

Malinowski, B.
1955     Magic, Science, and Religion, and Other Essays.  Garden City, N.J., Doubleday and Co., Inc.

Mbanefo, F.
1962    “The Iba House in Onitsha”, Nigeria Magazine 72:18-25.

Meek, C.K.
1937    Law and Authority in a Nigerian Tribe. London, Oxford University Press.

Messenger, S.F.
1953    Witchcraft in Two West African Societies. Unpublished M.A. dissertation, University of Chicago.

Middleton, J. and E.H. Winter, eds.
1963    Witchcraft and Sorcery in East Africa. London, Routledge.

Morton-Williams, P.
1960a    “Yoruba Responses to the Fear of Death”, Africa 30:34-40.

1960b    “The Yoruba Ogboni Cult in Oyo”,  Africa 30:362-374.

1964    “An Outline of the Cosmology and Cult Organization of the Oyo Yoruba”, Africa 34:243-261.

Murdock, G.P., ed.
1960    Social Structure in Southeast Asia. Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology no. 29, Chicago, Quadrangle Books.

Nadel, S.F.
1942    A Black Byzantium. London, Oxford University Press.

1954    Nupe Religion. Glencoe, The Free Press.

Nigerian Spokesman
1965    “Isiokwe Family Funerary Announcement”, Nigerian Spokesman March 12, 1965:4. Onitsha, Nigeria.

Noon, K.
1944    “A preliminary Examination of the Death Concepts of the Ibo”, American Anthropologist 44:638-654.

Nzekwu, Onuora
1961     Wand of Noble Wood. London: Hutchinson and Co.

Obi, S.N.C.
1963    The Ibo Law of Property. London, Butterworths.

O’Connell, J.
1962    “The Withdrawal of the High God in West African Religion: An Essay in Interpretation”, Man 62:67-110.

Okala, J.B.C.
1953    Education and Cultural Dynamics with Particular Reference to an African Kingdom, 1857-1936.  D.Ed. Thesis, Teacher’s College, Columbia University.

Onitsha Native Court
n.d.     Civil Judgement Books, 1910-1957.  Onitsha, Nigeria.

Orakwue, J.I.
1953    Onitsha Custom of Title-Taking. Onitsha, Renascent Africa Press, Ltd.

Ottenberg, P.
1958    Marriage Relationships in the Double Descent System of the Afikpo Ibo of Southeastern Nigeria.  Unpublished PhD.   dissertation, Northwestern University.

1959    “The Changing Economic Position of Women Among the Afikpo Ibo”, In Continuity and Change in African Cultures.  W.R. Bascom and M.J. Herskovits, eds., Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

1965    “The Afikpo Ibo of Eastern Nigeria”, In Tribes of Sub-Saharan Africa, J.K. Gibbs, Jr., ed.  New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Ottenberg, S.
1957    The System of Authority of the Afikpo Ibo of Southeastern Nigeria.   Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Northwestern University.

1965    “Inheritance and Succession in Africa”, In Studies in the Laws of  Succession in Nigeria, J. Duncan and M. Derrettt, eds.  London, Oxford University Press.

1968    Double Descent in an African Society. Seattle, University of  Washington Press.

1969    “Personal Shrines at Afikpo”, Ethnology

Parrinder, G.
1961     West African Religion. London, Epworth Press.

Parsons, T.
1937    The Structure of Social Action. New York, McGraw Hill (reprinted 1949, Glencoe, The Free Press.

1951    The Social System. Glencoe, The Free Press.

Robertson Smith, W.
1881    The Religion of the Semites. London

Shelton, A.J.
1965    “The Meaning and Method of Afa Divination Among the Northern Nsukka Ibo”.  American Anthropologist 67:1441-1455.

Schneider, D.M. and Gough, K., eds
1961    Matrilineal Kinship.  Berkeley, The University of California Press.

Spiro, M. and R. d’Andrade
1958    “A Cross-Cultural Study of Some Supernatural Beliefs”,  American Anthropologist 60:456-466.

Stephens, W.N.
1962    The Oedipus Complex.  New York, The Free Press.

Strong, A.C.
n.d.     Onitsha Station Log Book, 1884-1893.  Nigerian National Archives, C.M.S. n 5/1:1 .

Stuart-Young, J.M.
1917    The Iniquitous Coaster, Vol. II.  London, Arthur H. Stockwell.

Talbot, P.A.
1926    The Peoples of Southern Nigeria (3 Vols.). London, Humphrey         Milford.

1927    Some Nigerian Fertility Cults. London, Humphrey Milford.

Taylor, J.C.
1864   ” Letters”, Church Missionary Record n.s. 9:137-147.

1865    “Journals, Niger Mission”, Church Missionary Record n.s.             10:133-149.

Thomas, N.W.
1913    Anthropological Report on the Ibo-Speaking Peoples of Nigeria: Part I.  Law and Custom of the Ibo of the Awka Neighborhood, Southern Nigeria.  London, Harrison and Sons.

1914    Anthropological Report on the Ibo-Speaking Peoples of Nigeria: Part IV.  Law and Custom of the Ibo of the Asaba District, Southern Nigeria. London, Harrison and Sons.

Turner, V.W.
1964    “Witchcraft and Sorcery:  Taxonomy Versus Dynamics”, Africa  34:314-324.

1965    “Ritual Symbolism, Morality and Social Structure Among the Ndembu”,  In African Systems of Thought, M. Fortes and G. Dieterlan, eds.  London, Oxford University Press.

1966    “Color Classification in Ndembu Ritual”,  In Anthropological  Approaches to the Study of Religion, M. Banton, ed. New York, Praeger.

Uchendu, V.C.
1964    ” ‘Kola Hospitality’ and Igbo Lineage Structure”, Man 64:47-50.

1965    The Igbo of Southeast Nigeria. New York, Holt Rinehart and Winston.

Verger, P.
1965    “Grandeur et Decadence du Culte de Iami Osoronga (Ma Mere a Sorciere) Chez les Yoruba”,  Journal Société Africanistes 35:141-243.

Wallace, A.F.C.
1956    “Revitalization Movements”,  American Anthropologist 58:264-281.

Wescott, J. and Morton-Williams, P.
1962    “The Symbolism and Ritual Context of the Yoruba Laba Shango”, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 92:23-37.

Whiting, J. and Child, I.
1953    Child Training and Personality. New Haven, Yale University         Press.

Wieschhoff, H.A.
1941    “Divorce Laws and Practices in Modern Ibo Culture”, Journal of Negro History 26:299-324.

Wilson, A.L.
1904     “Among Ibo Villages”,  Church Missionary Intelligencer n.s. 29:751-753.

Wilson, M.
1951    “Witch Beliefs and Social Structure”, American Journal of Sociology 56:307-313.

Witford, J.
1877    Trading Life in Western and Central Africa. Liverpool.